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Although /  Even though / In spite of / Despite


-  After "although" we use a subject + verb

- Example: Although I did not have much time I managed to finish my paper before the deadline.

Even though:

- stronger form of "although"

- Example: Even though she is very tired, she couldn't sleep.

Inspite of / despite

- After inspite of or despite there is a noun, a pronoun or -ing

- "Despite" is the same as "inspite of"

- Example: Inspite of the bad weather we enjoyed our vacation. He wasn't feeling well but despite this he went to school.

Relative clauses

We can use relative clauses to join two English sentences, or to give more information about something. The relative pronoun can be the subject or the object.

The relative pronoun is the subject

We can use 'who', 'which' or 'that'. We use 'who' for people and 'which' for things. We can use 'that' for people or things. The clause can come after the subject or object of the sentence.

For example: She has a daughter who / that is a teacher.

The relative pronoun is the object

In this case we can drop the relative pronoun if we want to. The clause can come after the subject or the object of the sentence.

For example: She bought the watch which / that Anna recommended.

Grammar Exercise: Article

Complete the gaps with a/an, the or - (no word).very

I live in ________ (1) London. It´s _______ (2) nice city but we have _____ (3) real problem with traffic. Most people come to work by _____ (4) train or car so it´s very busy in __________ (5) morning when they come into _________ (6) city centre, and in ___________ (7) evening when they go _________ (8) home. I´m ___________ (9) doctor and I have to take _____ (10) bus. My journey to ______ (11) work takes about thirty minutes. I also use my car at _______ (12) weekend when I go to the countryside.


We use conjunctions to put two sentences together.

For example:

We stayed at home AND watched tv.

I called my friend BUT I wasn´t listen to her.

Do you want to stay at home OR go to the cinema with me?


Connect two short sentences. Use and/but/or + the sentences in the table

Do you want to get a taxi? They took some photos They don´t use it very often.
She didn´t see me. I didn´t read it We didn´t play soccer.
I can´t remember her name. Did you go to the party? I couldn´t sleep.

1.) I went to to bed early ...