This, That, These, Those


Singular:           Plural:

this tree             these trees

that picture        those pictures      


- For things that are near to us we use this and these

For things that are far from us we use that and those

When the meaning is obvious, we use this, that, these, those without a noun:

  Example: A student just finished his math exam, and he says to his mother: That was not easy! (That = the exam)

Things that are happening now are to us in time, so we use this and these:

  Example: Maria (at a concert): I really love some of these songs.

- Things that are finished are not near to us in time, so we use those or that:

  ExampleJohn (after leaving the concert): I really loved some of those songs.

Countable and uncountable nouns 

Countable nouns:

  • Usually nouns have singular and plural forms: (bird/birds; table/tables; woman/women)
  • They are called countable because we can count them: one bird; three tables; five women
  • You can use some, the and a with countable nouns

No / None / Any

Fill in no, none or any in the following sentences.

a) Maria couldn’t make an omelette becausere there were ____ eggs.

b) I took some pictures but ____ of them turned out good. My camera is bad.

-selves or each other?


Fill in “-selves” or “each other” in the following sentences.


a) My best friend and I don’t see ________ very often anymore.

b) My twin sisters are very selfish. They only think of ____________.

Both, Either, Neither

Fill in "both", "either" or " neither" in the following sentences

a) It was an awful basketball game. ____ teams played badly.

b) There were two books on the shelf. I didn't take ____ of them.