This, That, These, Those
this tree these trees
that picture those pictures
- For things that are near to us we use this and these
- For things that are far from us we use that and those
- When the meaning is obvious, we use this, that, these, those without a noun:
Example: A student just finished his math exam, and he says to his mother: That was not easy! (That = the exam)
- Things that are happening now are to us in time, so we use this and these:
Example: Maria (at a concert): I really love some of these songs.
- Things that are finished are not near to us in time, so we use those or that:
Example: John (after leaving the concert): I really loved some of those songs.
Countable and uncountable nouns
- Usually nouns have singular and plural forms: (bird/birds; table/tables; woman/women)
- They are called countable because we can count them: one bird; three tables; five women
- You can use some, the and a with countable nouns
No / None / Any
Fill in no, none or any in the following sentences.
a) Maria couldn’t make an omelette becausere there were ____ eggs.
b) I took some pictures but ____ of them turned out good. My camera is bad.
-selves or each other?
Fill in “-selves” or “each other” in the following sentences.
a) My best friend and I don’t see ________ very often anymore.
b) My twin sisters are very selfish. They only think of ____________.
Both, Either, Neither
Fill in "both", "either" or " neither" in the following sentences
a) It was an awful basketball game. ____ teams played badly.
b) There were two books on the shelf. I didn't take ____ of them.